4G Edge Components

Main components of our edge

MME (Mobility Management Entity)

  • Authentication and Security: MME handles user authentication and security key management in a mobile network, ensuring secure connections.

  • Mobility Handling: It manages mobility-related functions, such as tracking and paging of mobile devices as they move through the network.

  • Bearer Management: MME is responsible for creating, modifying, and releasing bearers for user data traffic.

  • Fault Tolerance: Redundancy and failover capabilities are often built-in to ensure network reliability.

UPF (User Plane Function)

  • Data Forwarding: UPF handles the forwarding of user data packets, ensuring efficient routing and low-latency communication.

  • Edge Computing: UPF can support edge computing capabilities, allowing the processing of data closer to the end-user for reduced latency.

  • Scalability: UPF can scale horizontally to handle increased data traffic loads.

  • Quality of Service (QoS): It supports QoS mechanisms to prioritize and manage different types of traffic, essential for services like video streaming and real-time communication.

SPGW-C (Serving Gateway Control Plane)

  • Control Plane Functions: SPGW-C manages control plane signaling for user data sessions.

  • Session Management: It establishes and releases data sessions for mobile users, ensuring seamless connectivity.

  • Policy Enforcement: SPGW-C enforces network policies and performs session-specific functions, such as IP address allocation.

  • High Availability: Redundancy and high availability features are often included for network reliability.

HSS (Home Subscriber Server)

  • The HSS is the central database that contains information about all the network operator's subscribers.

  • Subscriber-related information held by the HSS includes user identification, security, location and subscription profile.

  • It stores subscriber information (such as service profiles, authentication ciphering, subscription state, device details, user's physical location, and more), performs user authentication and authorization


  • Logstash is a light-weight, open-source, server-side data processing pipeline that allows you to collect data from a variety of sources, transform it on the fly, and send it to your desired destination.

  • Logstash acts as an aggregator -pulling data from various sources before pushing it down the pipeline into Elasticsearch

QOS (Quality Of Service)

  • QOS is integral for evaluating data usage, packet loss, and latency directly from the network edge, contributing to performance optimization

  • QoS assesses data streams from the edge, relaying insights to the central HUB for reporting, debugging, and troubleshooting purposes

API (Application programming interface)

  • Network Customization: Monogoto APIs allow businesses to customize their private 4G network settings and configurations to meet specific operational needs and performance requirements.

  • Integration with Existing Systems: Monogoto APIs facilitate seamless integration with existing enterprise IT systems, third-party applications, and cloud services, enhancing overall network functionality.

  • Real-Time Monitoring and Management: Through Monogoto APIs, businesses can access real-time data on network performance, enabling proactive monitoring, troubleshooting, and optimization of the private 4G network.

Last updated